Prehistoric indian artifacts dating Adulatsex
by Jefferson Chapman, Mc Clung Museum, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville The state of Tennessee is long and narrow, stretching 432 miles from the high mountains of the Appalachians and the Great Smoky Mountains on the east to the Mississippi River on the west.
Moving from east to west, the state is divided into six major physiographic provinces (Figure 1): the Unaka Mountains (Appalachians), the Great Valley, the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim which surrounds the fifth, the Central Basin, and the Gulf Coastal Plain of West Tennessee (Folmsbee, Corlew, and Mitchell 1969).
"She didn't like to throw things away and she had so much stuff.
There was still furniture from the 50s in the attic."The stone pieces had been scattered throughout the house.
While there are many differences in the prehistoric Indian cultures found in East, Middle, and West Tennessee, there are general characteristics that they shared over time.
Our knowledge of the prehistoric Indians of Tennessee is a result of over 150 years of archaeological investigations.
Shovel test pits are usually dug throughout an archaeological site in twenty-foot intervals to determine whether a site has artifacts that merit further excavation.
If one or a pattern of shovel test pits yields interesting artifacts, or indicates an interesting feature in the soil, archaeologists will begin to dig an excavation unit.
Archaeologists always attempt to place their discoveries within a chronological framework to indicate artifact ages.
Places where cultural remains are found are called sites, and these may be as simple as a location where several arrowheads are found and as complex as a ten acre village and mound complex.
Scanty written information about the Indians of Tennessee and the Southeast come from chronicles of the sixteenth-century Spanish (Hudson 1990), seventeenth-century French (Williams 1928), and eighteenth-century British expeditions (King 2007).
Almost all Native American sites in Missouri pre-date 1800.
Site age is determined mainly by radiocarbon dating of charcoal or bone.
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Committed to educating people about New Jersey’s Native American heritage, Cross developed numerous exhibits at the New Jersey State Museum and wrote for the public.